There are several types of assisted reproduction treatments, thanks to scientific advances, the chances of conceiving with the help of these treatments have increased in recent years.
After the diagnosis stage where we proceed to evaluate the couple to determine the causes of infertility or sterility, the doctor will recommend the assisted reproduction technique that suits them.
In some cases, the doctor may suggest that you start with the simplest techniques, and if no work is continuing with the more complex, until the desired pregnancy. Among the most common techniques of assisted reproduction we are:
Intercourse scheduled usually the first choice when there are no disturbances of ovulation or sperm. Sex programmed ovarian stimulation should include, in addition to the evaluation of the date of ovulation in order to instruct patients the best time to have sex.
It is a technique that is indicated when there is an ovulatory dysfunction, as long as tubal patency is in good condition and the partner's sperm is within the normal parameters.
Intra Uterine Insemination is to deposit the semen previously trained in the woman's uterus man for the esperematozoides migrate to the fallopian tubes.
Normally it used when there are problems with the cervical factor of women, moderate male factor, among others.
In Vitro Fertilization is to fertilize the oocytes of the woman with the man's sperm (previously trained) in the laboratory.
For this technique oocytes the patient who has received a controlled ovarian stimulation to be inseminated with the sperm of the couple are extracted previously trained.
ICSI involves injecting sperm directly into the oocyte by using a high resolution microscope equipped with micromanipulators.
This technique is used when the sperm count is very low in the samples or when sperm have no ability to penetrate the egg.
Cryopreservation of oocytes is commonly done to preserve fertility in patients who have high probability of losing their reserves of oocytes and processes chemo- or radiotherapy, extraction operations and loss of ovaries, also used today for women by a reason or another have to postpone it.
Embryo cryopreservation is to vitrify the remaining embryos (usually after an attempt IVF) of good quality, which can then be used in a new attempt in case of not having achieved pregnancy. These embryos are kept in liquid nitrogen indefinitely making it possible to search for a new pregnancy with less effort and cost.
It is a technique that is performed during in vitro fertilization or ICSI, and can detect genetic or chromosomal an embryo before it is implanted in the uterus of the patient changes. The aim of the procedure is to ensure healthy offspring and stop the transmission of a particular pathology.
This technique usually prevent spontaneous abortions cases and improves the efficiency of in vitro fertilization programs.
The technique involves the patient recover sperm directly from the testicle or spermatic pathway. Once achieved sperm, proceed to effect fertilization through the techniques of in vitro fertilization (IVF) or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
Generally sperm extraction is done the same day as the extraction of eggs from the couple.
The donation is a voluntary, supportive and altruistic act by which a man or woman will make a healthy transfer of gametes to be used for assisted reproduction center with the intention of achieving pregnancy in women in need.
The program surrogate uterus, commonly called surrogacy, involves placing a pair embryos in the uterus of another woman who is not the biological mother. Which prior agreement between the parties is made.
This procedure is recommended in patients if they have ovaries but no uterus or have defects in it that precludes the proper development of the embryo or fetus.