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Female Infertility: Common causes

It is considered that a couple is infertile when they had sex for at least one year without any protection and has not achieved a pregnancy. Just over half of the infertility problems are due to the female part.

These problems are grouped into 4 categories:

  • ovary causes
  • tubal causes
  • uterine causes
  • causes cervical

Ovary causes

Are those disorders which prevent a woman's ovulation optimal.

  • Age factor: There is a clear decrease in the reproductive capacity of women from age 35, and this is accentuated from the 40. The main player responsible for this decline is the loss of egg quality caused by aging basically ovular .
     
  • primary ovarian failure: It is a congenital failure of normal development of the ovaries, showing a pure gonadal dysgenesis (absence of healthy ovarian tissue). It is a condition often associated with a numerical or structural alterations of chromosomes.
     
  • POF: It is a situation caused by inherited disorders, infectious or autoimmune factors, enzyme disorders such as endometriosis or processes that consume significant amounts of initially healthy ovarian tissue. It is called premature when it occurs before 40 years.
     
  • Anovulation is the absence of ovulation. It usually occurs because the patient has an abnormal hormone profile. It is when an ovary does not release the egg occurs toward the fallopian tubes, without any possibility of a natural pregnancy.
     
  • Polycystic Ovary: It is the most common abnormality of women of reproductive age, affecting one in 10 women. Patients who tend to see the doctor because her periods are irregular, unexpected and often abundant, often women with polycystic ovary syndrome.
     
  • Endometriosis is the presence of endometrial tissue (lining of the uterus) outside its normal location (the uterine cavity) in the form of implants that can develop into form cysts. It is suffering an incidence between 20 and 50% of infertile women.
     
  • Abnormalities of eggs: These are genetic or chromosomal abnormalities and structural or functional defects of the eggs.

Tubal causes

It refers to those disorders that prevent normal meeting of egg and sperm in the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes may be affected by various causes:

  • Endometriosis
  • Hydrosalpinges
  • Hidden infectious processes
  • Scars caused by surgery
  • Extracting tumors
  • Ectopic pregnancies

Uterine causes

It refers to all diseases that affect the normal performance of the uterus, such as:

  • Fibroids: benign tumor of muscle tissue from the uterine wall. Also it is known as fibromyoma, uterine fibroid or leiomyoma.
  • Polyps: Tumor diverse structure, but in a pedunculated, which is formed and grows in the mucous membranes of different cavities, especially in the vagina and the womb of the woman.
  • IUA: scars within the uterine cavity. The main cause is traumatic injury of the uterine cavity.
  • Conditions in the cervix.
  • Malformations in the body of the uterus, such as child uterus.

Cervical causes

Sperm entering the uterus through the cervix. To carry out the journey to the fertilization of the egg, sperm must find a happy medium with sufficient moisture mucus and enhances their chances of moving into the fallopian tubes. A hostile environment, with thick, acid or presence of inflammatory substances in the cervical mucus, preventing the normal entry of sperm into the uterus and fallopian tubes, and thus cause female infertility.

The solution

Our Clinic Infertility Treatment and Assisted Reproduction INNAIFEST for years has remained constantly evolving and has the infrastructure and technology needed to provide the highest quality of services in Reproductive Medicine.