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Endometriosis and its influence on female fertility

Endometriosis is defined as the growth of the lining of the uterus (endometrium) outside its cavity. This tissue, which responds to hormones during the menstrual cycle becomes inflamed and bleeding, which can cause very painful menstruation, internal bleeding, inflammation, abortions, pain during intercourse, painful bowel movements, diarrhea or constipation, painful urination and urinary problems, chronic fatigue, low resistance to infections, frequent, especially during menstruation allergies.

the specific causes of endometriosis is not known, but some authors associated with a reflux of menstrual blood through the tubes to the ovaries and peritoneal cavity.

Endometriosis can block the fallopian tubes and ovaries forming cysts that interfere with ovulation, thus causing infertility. In order to confirm the diagnosis of endometriosis and eliminate existing injury, you need to perform a laparoscopy.

After treatment of endometriosis is possible for the patient to achieve pregnancy. Given that the endometrial lesions may recur, it is recommended not to postpone pregnancy.

This would be achieved pregnancy naturally or by intra-uterine inseminations, if you have the patent tubes (allow the passage of sperm to the site where the eggs are) and if a young patient. In the case of blocked tubes should try IVF (In Vitro Fertilization).